Islam is considered to be one of the three great monotheistic religions. Despite the fact that it has its origins in the Middle East, it is on the rise in Western civilazations. Therefore, Christians must be prepared to evangelize and reason with Muslims.
Islam (which means submission to the will of God) teaches belief in one God who has no associate or partner. God has predestined all things that have happened or will take place. It also teaches that angels are created from light and perform God’s will. In addition, the Books of God are: the Torah, the Psalms of David, the Gospel revelaed to Jesus, and the Qur’an. Furthermore, Islam has had thousands of prophets of God, the last being Muhammad. There will also be a day of judgement, and there is life after death. Unlike Christiainty, Islam teaches that you are judged on the basis of your works. These seven precepts constitute the articles of faith.
The articles of faith are the basis for the fve pillars.1 “These ‘Five Pillars’ consist of mandatory demands, or statutory obligations, that are imposed upon every Muslim. Thus there is a great emphasis placed upon them, and they are covered by detailed regulations. The five specific duties are detailed in the Qur’an. All the elaborate rules, or laws, that surround them are laid down in the large body of Traditions. These Traditions are the ahadith (or hadith)—recorded oral reports that have been passed on by contemporaries of the prophet Mohammed, describing various aspects of his life and thought. Muslims like to call these five pillars on which Islam stands their ‘articles of faith’.”2
The five pillars are: a declaration of faith, prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage. First, you must testify that only God is worthy to be worshipped and Muhammad is the Messenger of God. Second, you must pray towards Makkah five times a day. Third, a Muslim must donate some of his wealth to the poor. A Muslim must also fast from food, water, and sex from dawn until sunset during the month of Ramadan. Lastly, Muslims shoud visit Makkah (perform the Hajj) if possible.3
We must understand that Islam, like all religions, is a works-righteous system. Therefore, we must stress the importance of Jesus’s work on the cross and the inability of man to please God apart from His Son.
Here is Christian apologist David Wood on three Qur’an verses every Christian should know.
In our next article, we will compare the Jesus of the Qur’an vs the Jesus of the Bible.
1The Qur’an. Translated by Saheeh International. AL-MUNTADA AL-ISLAMI TRUST.Print. Pgs. 693-694
2Edward Challen, Love Your Muslim Neighbour: Understanding Islam in Today’s World (Leominster: Day One, 2006), 28.
3The Qur’an. Ibid.Pg. 693